the word “september” originated from the word “septem” in latin. what does it mean?

For many, September marks the end of summer, the beginning of fall, and the start of a new school year. According to the calendar, September marks the start of a run of months with names based on their digits within the year.

The Origin of September: Unveiling the Meaning Behind the Latin Word “Septem”


The word “September” comes from the Latin word “septem,” which means “seven.” This is because September was originally the seventh month of the year in the ancient Roman calendar. The year began in March, so September was the ninth month of the year by our modern reckoning.


In the modern calendar, September is the ninth month of the year. Have you ever wondered where the name “September” originated from? Interestingly, it has roots in the Latin language, specifically from the word “septem.” In this article, we delve into the etymology of the word “September” and explore its significance. Join us on this linguistic journey to uncover the meaning behind this intriguing term.

Etymology of September:

A. Latin Origins:

The word “September” has its origins in the Latin language. Latin, an ancient language spoken by the Romans, has had a significant impact on the development of many modern languages, including English.

B. The Word “Septem”:

The Latin word “septem” translates to “seven” in English. September derived its name from this Latin term because it was originally the seventh month in the ancient Roman calendar.

The Roman calendar, believed to have been established by Romulus, the legendary founder of Rome, originally began in March. The calendar consisted of ten months, with September being the seventh month. In the early Roman calendar, September had 29 days. However, later modifications to the calendar, attributed to King Numa Pompilius in the 8th century BC, resulted in the addition of January and February.

Despite the changes made to the Roman calendar, the name “September” remained unchanged. This is an example of how linguistic elements can endure even as cultural and historical contexts shift. The name’s persistence serves as a testament to the lasting influence of Latin on the English language.

Understanding the Latin origins of September allows us to appreciate the connections between different languages and cultures throughout history. It highlights the rich tapestry of linguistic evolution and the ways in which ancient civilizations continue to shape our lives today.

Meaning of “Septem”:

A. Number Seven:

The Latin word “septem” holds the primary meaning of “seven.” In the ancient Roman calendar, September was the seventh month, reflecting its name’s direct association with the Latin numeral.

B. Historical Significance:

The number seven holds significant historical and cultural significance in various societies. In ancient Rome, the number seven was considered highly symbolic and carried connotations of completion, perfection, and harmony. It represented a sense of wholeness and balance. This cultural understanding of the number likely influenced the naming of the seventh month as “September.”

C. Astrological Connections:

The association of September with the number seven extends into astrology. In classical astrology, each day of the week was governed by a different celestial body. Saturday, corresponding to Saturn’s day, was associated with the planet Saturn. Saturn was known as the “seventh wanderer” among the seven classical planets, further linking the planet and its day with the number seven.

The alignment between the number seven and Saturn brings about additional layers of symbolism and meaning to the month of September. Saturn was associated with discipline, structure, and wisdom, further enhancing the significance attached to the seventh month.

By exploring the historical and astrological connections to the number seven, we gain insights into the broader cultural context surrounding the naming of September. The number’s symbolism and associations offer a glimpse into the beliefs and values of ancient civilizations, connecting us to the past and enriching our understanding of language and its influences.

September’s Place in the Calendar:

A. Shift in Calendar Position:

Over time, changes were made to the Roman calendar, which resulted in September no longer occupying the seventh position. The introduction of January and February by King Numa Pompilius in the 8th century BC pushed September to become the ninth month. Despite this shift in its position, the name “September” was retained.

The calendar reform aimed to align the Roman calendar more closely with the solar year and improve the accuracy of timekeeping. The addition of the months of January and February allowed for a more balanced division of the year. However, the original names of the months were kept intact, including September, preserving their linguistic and historical connections.

B. Historical Context:

The Roman calendar underwent several changes throughout history. Initially, it consisted of ten months starting from March, but it did not align precisely with the solar year. This discrepancy led to seasonal inaccuracies and a need for reform.

King Numa Pompilius, the second king of Rome, introduced significant modifications to the calendar by adding the months of January and February. These changes aimed to address the misalignment and improve the overall functioning of the calendar.

The retention of the name “September” throughout these calendar reforms demonstrates the enduring influence of Latin and the preservation of linguistic heritage. Despite its shift from the seventh to the ninth position, September continues to carry its original Latin name, serving as a reminder of the ancient Roman calendar’s legacy.

Understanding the historical context and the evolution of the calendar system provides us with insights into how human societies have adapted to improve timekeeping and maintain cultural continuity. September’s place in the calendar highlights the interplay between tradition and change, ensuring that linguistic elements and cultural associations persist even as calendars are modified and restructured.


The word “September” is a Latin word that means “seven.” This is because September was originally the seventh month of the year in the ancient Roman calendar. The year began in March, so September was the ninth month of the year by our modern reckoning. However, the name “September” was retained when the calendar was reformed in 46 BC.

The word “September” finds its roots in the Latin language, specifically the word “septem,” meaning “seven.” Originally the seventh month in the ancient Roman calendar, September derived its name from its position. The number seven holds historical and cultural significance, representing completion, perfection, and harmony. This symbolism is reflected in the naming of September.

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